The Executive further agrees that if any part of the agreements set forth in this Agreement or its application is construed as invalid or unenforceable, then the remainder of the Agreement or Agreements shall be in full force and effect without regard to any invalid or unenforceable portions thereof. But some redundancy phrases are so common that you might as well point them out. Today I talked to a friend about power and effect. I then checked EDGAR and found that the phrase appeared in 2,991 "substantive contracts" filed last month. This makes power and effect an integral part of the contractual landscape. Garner`s Dictionary of Legal Usage says it has "become part of the legal idiom." 11. Governing Law; Divisibility. This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York, without regard to its conflict of law provisions. If any provision of this Agreement is found by a court of competent jurisdiction to be illegal or unenforceable, the parties agree that the court shall have the authority to modify, amend, or alter such provision(s) to make the Agreement legal and enforceable. If this Agreement cannot be modified to be enforceable, except for the general disclaimer, this provision will immediately become null and void, so that the remainder of this Agreement will remain in full force and effect. If the general wording of the release is found to be illegal or unenforceable, the Board member agrees to make an appropriate binding replacement release or, at the request of the Company, to return amounts paid under this Agreement. The protesters went into effect when the president arrived in Stockholm. "Power and effect." Legal Dictionary, Merriam-Webster,

Retrieved 11 October 2022. If for any reason any provision of this Agreement or part of a provision is held to be invalid, . and each of such other provisions and parts thereof shall remain in full force and effect in accordance with the law. Garner suggests that "the emphasis on force and effect may justify the use of the term, in drafting (treaties and statutes) rather than in court opinions." But this ignores the nature of contract language – it serves to convince anyone of anything, so this kind of emphasis has no place in a contract. This warranty will remain in full force until .. 7. Governing Law and Interpretation. This Agreement shall be governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of the State of New York, without regard to its conflict of law provisions. Any action to enforce or violate this Agreement shall be subject to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Circuit Court located in and for Palm Beach County, Florida.

If any provision of this Agreement is held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be illegal or unenforceable and cannot be modified to be enforceable, except for the general release provision, that provision shall immediately become null and void, and the remainder of this Agreement shall remain in full force and effect. The parties acknowledge that this Agreement is the result of negotiations and agree that it shall not be construed against any party on the basis of sole authorship. The parties agree that in any dispute relating to this Agreement (as determined by the competent court(s)), the prevailing party shall be entitled to recover its reasonable attorneys` fees and related costs, including attorneys` fees and costs associated with an appeal. Appropriate force is the degree of violence that is appropriate and not excessive to defend one`s person or property. A person who uses such force has the right to do so and is not criminally or civilly responsible for the conduct. and each of the agreements and obligations contained in the loan agreement and other loan documents is hereby affirmed with the same force and effect as if each had been separately set forth herein and entered into as of the date of this agreement; But the ubiquity of the phrase cannot hide the fact that you`d better get rid of violence and/or full force, as the case may be. 5. Agreement in force and in full effect. Unless expressly modified by this Second Amendment, the terms of the Agreement shall remain in full force and effect, and the Agreement as modified by this Amendment and all of its terms, including, but not limited to, warranties and representations, are hereby ratified and confirmed by the Trust and Daylight Saving Time from the Effective Date.

The expression is used without force or effect and with the same force and effect, but more often than not, you see it in full force and effect.

In addition to the general principles of good labour relations practice, dismissals, reductions and severance payments are governed by the provisions of the Reduction and Severance Pay Act. The provisions of this Act apply only to employees who meet the legal definition of "employee" under the Industrial Relations Act and who have completed at least one (1) year of service. Employment contracts are governed by the principle of contract law according to which a contract cannot be modified without the consent of the opposing party. Therefore, caution should be exercised when drafting all employment contracts. In addition, appropriate procedures should be followed when it becomes necessary to renegotiate any aspect of the employment relationship. In addition to the employment contract, certain terms and conditions of employment and/or obligations and rights of the employer and employee may also be required by statute or implied under common law, including those relating to, for example, minimum wage, severance reductions and severances, maternity leave, and health and safety. In addition to its political stability, strategic location and significant natural resources (especially natural gas), Trinidad and Tobago is attractive to foreign investors because of its skilled and productive workforce. The population is educated and has a high level of literacy. As the most industrialized Caribbean nation, Trinidad and Tobago has an experienced workforce in various activities, including all aspects of the oil, gas and petrochemical industries. An arbitral award or a decision of the Labour Court may be challenged only on the grounds that the Labour Court did not exercise its jurisdiction or exceeded its jurisdiction, that the order was obtained fraudulently, that it was vitiated by an error of law or that there was a specific illegality in the course of the proceedings. The Labour Court`s finding that an employee was dismissed in circumstances that were not in accordance with the principles of good labour relations practice is not subject to appeal. If the court finds that an employee was wrongly dismissed, it may award the employee reinstatement and/or financial damages, including damages and punitive damages.

The Labour Court has the power to make an award which it considers fair and just, having regard to the interests of the persons directly concerned and the community as a whole, the merits of the case before it and the principles of good labour relations practice. The Act also provides for mandatory mediation of labour disputes between an employer and its employees concerning the dismissal, employment, non-employment, suspension, refusal of employment, reinstatement or reinstatement of such workers and includes disputes relating to conditions of employment. According to the law, a labour dispute can only be initiated by (i) the employer, (ii) the majority recognized union for the collective bargaining unit to which the employee belongs, or (iii) if there is no recognized majority union, a union in which the employee(s) involved in the dispute are honourable members. For employees who do not belong to a trade union or for matters that do not fall within the jurisdiction of the Labour Court, disputes are usually settled amicably or by a traditional action for termination of the employment contract. The Labour Court established under the Industrial Relations Act has jurisdiction to hear and resolve "commercial disputes" between an employer and its employees, including disputes relating to the dismissal of employees, through compulsory arbitration. The Court shall exercise its jurisdiction in accordance with the principles of fairness, good conscience and good practice in industrial relations. However, this specialised court does not replace the traditional jurisdiction of the High Court for actions for breach of contract of employment or unfair dismissal. Ideally, employment contracts should be in writing, but there is no general rule to that effect. In practice, they are often done partly orally, partly in writing. Often, the basic terms and conditions of employment are set out in a letter of appointment, which usually includes a job description or an indication of the duties required, as well as a general provision that the employee must perform all other necessary duties.

If workers are represented by a recognised majority trade union, the terms of a collective agreement between the employer and the union may also govern the employment relationship. In addition to this general customary legal obligation, the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) establishes a legal framework for occupational health and safety. The scope of the law goes beyond traditional industrial operations to include stores, offices and other workplaces. The employer has a general customary duty to take reasonable care of the safety of its employees during the period of their employment, including the obligation to provide competent personnel, appropriate facilities and equipment, a safe workplace and a safe work system. Compliance with these regulations is critical because, in addition to certain criminal penalties, OSHA gives workers the right to refuse work if there is a danger to safety or health. Health, safety, health and safety, occupational health and safety Under the Workers` Compensation Act, an employer is required to pay compensation for injury or death to an employee as a result of a workplace injury. The value of this benefit is calculated according to a prescribed formula and depends in part on a medical assessment of the worker`s permanent partial disability. In the event of death or serious and permanent incapacity, the employer remains liable, even if the accident may have been caused by serious and intentional misconduct on the part of the employee. The amounts payable for workers` compensation are relatively modest. However, paying workers` compensation to an employee does not preclude the employee from bringing any other action he or she may have against the employer (for example, negligence).

However, in determining the compensation due to the worker, the Court takes into account the amount paid to him as workers` compensation. The Act prohibits discrimination on the basis of "status," which includes: (i) sex (but not sexual preference or orientation), (ii) race, (iii) ethnic origin, (iv) origin, including geographic origin, (v) religion, (vi) marital status, (vii) disability (including mental or mental illness or disorder). Age is not a category protected by law. Discrimination occurs when an employer treats an employee or potential employee less. However, the regulation does not apply to employees who receive an hourly rate of at least 1.5 times the minimum wage. Explanatory memorandum - Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2018 Contributions are calculated on the basis of a formula set out in the Social Security Act. Essentially, the legislation sets out several "categories of earnings," each of which involves "assumed average weekly earnings." Earnings include more than salary or base salary, but include acting allowances, overtime, scholarships, allowances, commissions, production or efficiency bonuses, on-call service payments, hazard or dirt allowances, and dependents` allowances. The contribution payable for an individual employee is based on the assumed average weekly earnings of the class to which the individual employee belongs and a statutory rate adjusted from time to time. Effective September 2016, the legislated rate was increased to 13.2% of insurable earnings. Although these conditions are prima facie void because they are contrary to public policy, they may be enforceable if they are proportionate both between the parties and in the public interest. A restriction that purportedly takes effect after the termination of the employment relationship is not appropriate unless it protects certain legally recognized property interests of the employer. Even where those recognised interests are concerned, the restriction imposed on the employee must not exceed what is reasonably necessary to protect that interest, failing which they shall be null and void.

The terms of the employment contract should be carefully considered, as they clarify many important issues, such as the notice period required for dismissal and the conditions that the employer deems necessary to protect its intellectual property rights and trade secrets. Where appropriate, the contract may contain restrictive agreements prohibiting a former employee from setting up a competing business or working for a competitor in a given territory for a certain period of time. MOTOR VEHICLES AND ROAD TRAFFIC ACT (ENFORCEMENT AND ADMINISTRATION) CHAPTER 48:52 Current authorized pages Authorized safety: This includes regulations on the supply of clothing and protective devices, dust and smoke suppression, and machinery protection; The Equality Act generally prohibits employers from discriminating against employees or prospective employees on the basis of their gender, race, ethnicity, geographical origin, religion, marital status or disability.

Stages of the Writing Process Definition

Neither excessive emphasis on one`s own ideas nor too much information from external research leads to balanced writing. While expectations are different in each discipline and class and you should always ask your professor what is preferred, your writing should primarily include your ideas in a formal tone with scientific research that supports and complements your argument. In other words, your voice carries the argument and flow of each piece written. Even more sketchy is the information about the types of organization that are acquired first, but anecdotal information and research[16] suggest that even young children understand chronological information, making storytelling the easiest way for students to write. Persuasive writing usually requires logical thinking and studies of child development show that logical reasoning is not present until the age of 10 to 12, making it one of the later writing skills. Before this age, persuasive writing will rely mainly on emotional arguments. 1. Design takes place when you put your ideas into sentences and paragraphs. This is where you focus on fully explaining and supporting your ideas. This is also where you start connecting your ideas. No matter how much you think and plan, the process of putting your ideas into words changes them; Often, the words you choose evoke additional ideas or implications.

Good academic writing requires effective planning, development, and editing. When reading and taking notes, it`s important to keep track of references. Always write down your sources when taking notes and highlight when writing quotes. This makes it easier to process your references during the writing process and also helps you avoid plagiarism. Several other methods of choosing a topic overlap with another general pre-writing, research, or information-gathering concern. Reading[9] is effective both for selecting and narrowing a topic and for gathering information for writing. When a writer reads other works, he expands his ideas, opens up possibilities and indicates options for topics and tells specific content for later writing. A traditional way to track the content you read is to create annotated note cards with one block of information per card. Authors should also document music, photos, websites, interviews, and other sources used to prevent plagiarism. When writing the first draft of your text, focus only on the content and FORGET about linguistic and mechanical aspects such as grammar, spelling and punctuation.

You need to write freely and try to find the best way to communicate your ideas. Don`t get stuck checking spelling and other details at this point! This will stop your writing flow! Remember the following:• The introductory paragraph (introduction) should be the subject of the text. Avoid using the first person (No: “In this essay, I will present…” “) and prefer a stronger opening technique to encourage the reader to continue reading. For example, ask a provocative question; Give an illustrative testimonial or story or present interesting facts about the phenomenon being discussed.• The main sections (discussion paragraphs) should each represent an idea or aspect of the general topic and begin with a topic sentence that directs the reader to the next in the paragraph.• Provide enough sentences to support the topic sentence, using examples, explanations, facts, opinions and quotes. Consider the expected length of the text and go into detail accordingly.• Use connecting words (conjunctions and speech markers, such as and, or, but, therefore, because, but beyond, for example, etc.) to logically unite arguments, sentences, and paragraphs.• The ending (conclusion) should contain summative remarks and repeat the key idea or thesis of the text in other words. Try to end with a strong statement that will inspire your reader to ask for more…• Focus on the appropriate register demanded by your audience and the purpose of the writing. Keep it simple if you`re writing to young children. • Try to diversify the words and phrases you use as much as possible using synonyms, descriptive and figurative language, while taking into account the expected writing style of your text.• If time permits, read your draft very generally and rephrase it with immediate global changes that you feel are urgent. Don`t be too much yourself and focus on the subtle nuances of meaning at this point.

At the beginning of the pre-writing phase, you should think about the topic and purpose of your task. If your teacher assigns you a broad topic, you should narrow it down and focus on a smaller area, preferably something that interests you. To be able to write effectively, you also need to know the purpose of the reason you are writing. Each type of writing has a unique set of guidelines and if you know your purpose for writing, you can create a text of high quality and relevance. In order for you to know the purpose of your writing, you need to interpret the task. See below for more information. The final step in writing an article requires a review of what you`ve written. In this final reading of your work, look for grammatical, spelling, or punctuation errors that slipped through the cracks during the revision phase or that were introduced into your revisions. Reading your newspaper aloud or asking a friend to read your journal to you is a great way to spot mistakes.

When you read your own newspaper, especially loud, you can often spot grammar, spelling, and punctuation errors. While this step may seem insignificant in the writing process, it is an easy way to avoid point loss due to simple mistakes. The writing and rewriting phases allow you to implement your schedule and the results of your experiments during pre-writing. You implement your strategy, work on the details and refine your thoughts. In the rewrite or revision phase, review what you`ve written and think about how and where your writing can be improved. This process can be quite non-linear. For example, it makes sense to start with the body of the text and save the introduction for later once you have a clearer idea of the text you`re introducing. Pre-writing is recursive, meaning it can occur at any point in the writing process and come back several times. For example, after an initial draft, an author may need to return to an information-gathering phase or discuss the material with someone or adjust the plan. Although the writing process is considered different, in reality, they often overlap and rotate towards each other. Keeping the big picture in mind as you dive into the next steps will lead to a smoother writing process and hopefully achieve the main goals of each writing assignment: meaningfully engaging with your topic, demonstrating your knowledge, and enlightening your audience.

Prewriting is the stage in which tools such as free writing, brainstorming, contouring or grouping are used. In pre-writing, no idea is too off-topic or too strange. It`s these sometimes dissociative ideas that can lead you to a paper topic you would never have considered. While the general perception is that there`s nothing that hasn`t been written before, if you allow yourself to think outside the box, you can find a way to look at an old topic with new eyes. Writing is a process that involves at least four different steps: prescribing, writing, revising and editing. This is called a recursive process. As you review, you may need to return to the pre-writing stage to develop and develop your ideas. Pre-writing usually starts with motivating and raising public awareness: what the student or author is trying to communicate, why it is important to communicate it well, and who the audience is for that communication. This helps you put your thoughts on the paper of what you want to write. Authors usually start with a clear idea of the audience, content, and meaning of their communication.

Sometimes one of them needs to be clarified for the best communication. [4] [5] [6] Student writers find motivation particularly difficult because they are writing for a teacher or for a class, rather than for an actual audience. [7] Teachers often try to find a real audience for students by asking younger classes or parents to read, publishing texts for others to read, writing a blog, or writing about real topics, such as a letter from a local newspaper to the editor. 1. Pre-writing is all you do before writing a draft of your document. This includes reflecting, taking notes, discussing with others, brainstorming, sketching, and gathering information (p. e.g., interviewing people, researching the library, evaluating data). In the pre-writing phase, you plan and prepare your writing. This is also the stage where you research your topic and look for relevant sources.

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